Another gold mining project gets environmental approval in Burkina Faso

Canadian-junior Roxgold (TSXV: ROG) jumped another hurdle in its pursuit to become a gold miner in Burkina Faso with approval of its environmental and social impact assessment of the Yaramoko gold project.

Another gold mining project gets environmental approval in Burkina Faso

It’s not a shocker but nonetheless importantly pushes Roxgold closer to construction of its Yaramoko gold project in Burkina Faso, where near 10 mines have been approved and built in as many years.

Yaramoko increasingly looks like it will add another notch to Burkina’s pro-mining permitting performance in the past decade or so.

John Dorward, Roxgold President and CEO, told Mineweb that so long as it wrapped up an agreement for Burkina Faso’s right to a 10-percent free carried interest in the project and got its exploitation permit in the coming months it would as long planned break ground by year end, possibly in November.

“We still think we’re on track for breaking ground in the forth quarter,” Dorward said.

Finances

Roxgold is in a healthy cash position. With about $30 million at hand, and also a $75 million debt mandate, it looks to have basically covered expected capital costs of the Yaramoko project.

In a recent feasibility study Roxgold estimated pre-production capital costs of $107 million to build and develop Yaramoko as an underground mine forecast to produce about 100,000 ounces gold a year from a high-grade gold deposit with reserves of 759,000 ounces gold @ 11.83 g/t gold.

It seems reasonable to expect Roxgold to bolster its finances with a cash cushion, however. Dorward said if Roxgold raised cash it wouldn’t be much, and it wasn’t looking at funding sources such as gold streams or royalties.

Another gold mining project gets environmental approval in Burkina Faso

“Taking some of the cream and giving it to another party is inappropriate for us at this stage,” Dorward said, noting he believes the Yaramoko property has the potential to yield more ounces gold for possible mine feed. For example, Roxgold is expanding a gold discovery in the Bagassi South zone, also on its Yaramoko property.

Roxgold shares are in a strong position relative to its peers and considering a harsh market for juniors, albeit one that favours near production gold stories like Roxgold’s. It’s easy to see that were it too want to, Roxgold could build a cash cushion through a share issuance without heavy dilution. It’s marketcap is C$191 million, which is very notable among pre-production juniors, and at current pricing it could raise, for example, ~C$20 million with around 10-percent dilution (which is not to say it is planning to do so, only that it likely could do so quite easily).

Mine

Dorward expects an 11-month mine build, putting possible first gold next year.

The deposit is a high-grade vein deposit hosted in granite. The average width of the vein is about four metres and it extends to some 900 metres below surface. Reserves are within 400 metres of surface.

The economics of mining the deposit – using primarily long-hole stoping – give a net present value of $250 million, after taxes and discounted at five percent assuming $1,300/oz gold, and a 48.4 percent IRR.

Total cash costs are set at $467 an ounce gold or $167 a tonne, life of mine, with the bulk of that accounted for by underground mining.

In this it will be interesting to see if, assuming Yaramoko goes to production, Roxgold can tease out more juice from project economics by managing dilution. The reserve includes 21 percent external dilution – that is essentially rock either of the gold mineralized vein.

Of course the less it takes of this near waste rock (there’s some gold in it), the better cash costs will be, all other things being equal.

Another gold mining project gets environmental approval in Burkina Faso

Dorward struck a balanced position on this possibility, saying he was “comfortable where we are.”

But he did note that the contact, as you would expect, between granite and gold-bearing quartz vein was stark and that given differential strength between granitic host and gold bearing vein, “We anticipate we’ll have a nice preferential blast.”

That is, ore will separate from wall rock nicely.

But, cognizant of the bumpy nature of most all mine ramp-ups, especially underground ones, Dorward emphasized caution and gave no promises.

“We need to learn to crawl before we walk.”

Hot Air Balloons, the Internet and the Future of Your Business

Let’s go on a journey down the proverbial rabbit hole to the not-so-distant future of telecommunications– a future where network servers float in the clouds (I mean physical, made-from-water-vapor clouds) on hot air balloons, flying drone Internet access points whiz overhead in third-world countries, privately-owned satellites receive and transmit every “like” and “follow”, and a cackling Mark Zuckerberg is swimming in a vault of gold coins like a hoodie-loving Scrooge McDuck. This is the future that has been laid before us.Hot Air Balloons

(Seriously. Google and Facebook actually have plans for these things in the works).

But let’s climb back out of the rabbit hole for a second and see how and why we get to these ends, and what it means for you.

The Internet of Everything

The point has been said so many times it’s almost lost all meaning, but I’ll say it again: the growth and expansion of communications technology is almost unfathomably exponential. And the growth in the number of users of this technology is just as astounding. All of this exponentially astounding growth is forcing everyone and everything to operate on and from the place where we tend to shove every rambling thought, ill-conceived photo and haphazard money-making scheme: the Internet. And the more you need the Internet, the more everyone else needs the Internet, and when people need more Internet, they have to make more Internet (make sense?); hence the Google/Facebook Air & Space Program mentioned above.

Hot Air Balloons

Telecom’s role

Not to be left out, the world of telecommunications is slowly but surely doing the same, with carriers phasing out landlines and unified communications looking like the hippest thing since The Charleston. Both of those realities mean the Internet, and VoIP and SIP technology specifically, will be the singularity from which a vast majority of communication — business and residential — emanates.

How to prepare

First, it’s important to remember the future we realize is usually some compromise of the one envisioned by dreaming architects and the limitations of practicality and reasonability. But while we may not know the specifics, we do know this is the path our society is walking/running down, and there are things businesses can do to ease the transition into this bold new world:

Social media & application integration. Not just for marketing and PR, Google, Facebook and other third parties are developing apps that will be critical for internal and external communication. Think baby steps!

Hot Air Balloons

  • Device integration. Cisco and other companies predict there will be 50 billion devices connected Internet by 2020, and you can bet those people will want to be able to use their devices at work. Work with your IT team to get necessary infrastructure in place to support truly personal devices.
  • Communication integration. Where can your business streamline communication processes? Are you using one platform for instant messaging, one for email, one for voice, and one for video? Consider consolidating communication by looking into a unified communications platform. The more varied your programs/software, the more difficult integration and upgrading become.
  • Stay informed. Just because you don’t need a certain technology now doesn’t mean you won’t need it in the future. Look ahead and draw informed conclusions about news and trends; do that and you’ll rarely find yourself or your business unprepared for change.

Do these four things (there are probably a few other steps you can take that would help as well), and you’ll find the future isn’t such a scary place after all. Plan right, and you may even find yourself with a leg up on your top competition!

Neither Shaken Nor Stirred, How Bond’s Brand Stayed True While Changing

We’ve been on a James Bond kick recently, and with Skyfall breaking the record for biggest Bond film opening weekend, it’s worth discussing how the brand has evolved.

More than once in my relatively brief advertising career, I’ve heard the words “It should be sort of… sort of James Bond-ish.” or “You know Double-O seven s%@*, man.” The iconic character that became a brand has evolved into an adjective. And this is the greater truth. After almost 60 years of being in existence, the James Bond brand is one of the most easily recognizable and desired the world over.

Neither Shaken Nor Stirred, How Bond’s Brand Stayed True While Changing

Class. Style. Technologically-advanced elegance with an edge. Women love him and men want to be him. So why wouldn’t companies want to hitch a horse to Bond’s proverbial wagon?

In fact they have been doing so for decades. Bond has hawked everything. From cars to cell phones, and airlines to eyelash curlers, big brands have been picking up the tab for Bond films since the conception of product placement.

Still, the premier of the new Bond film “Skyfall” this past weekend will mark a seemingly momentous occasion. And NO, not because it’s the first time Bond has reached for a beer instead of his classic vodka martini (It’s not by the way…Stay tuned.), but perhaps due to the sheer mass of the product placement agreement between Heineken and the movie’s producers.

All told, the deal netted a reported $45 million for the film, and some have speculated that without the influx of cash from the Dutch Beer Brewery, the movie never would have happened.

So with all that being said, it would be obvious why the film’s producers would risk shunning one of the most iconic facets of their character. “Shaken, not stirred” gets traded in for “In a chilled pint, please,” much to the chagrin of Bond purists. And all you need to do to figure out why is to follow the dollars, right? Well maybe there is a larger lesson to be learned here…

Even the biggest and best brands should be malleable

Neither Shaken Nor Stirred, How Bond’s Brand Stayed True While Changing

Truth be told, the Bond brand is unique in the way that it is ALWAYS evolving. Each actor who has portrayed Bond brought their own special touch to the collective Bond persona. The move from Pierce Bronsan to Daniel Craig saw the brand go from “Hokey and Charming” to “Full-on Badass” But the brand has always had its pillars intact. Maintaining integrity is vital to keeping a strong consumer base, but sometimes in order to reach new customers, it can be appropriate to delineate from the norm.

A terrific brand always brings with it feverish loyalty, which can be a double-edged sword. In this case, the film’s producers took a calculated risk (albeit, one with a lot of zeroes on the end of it). Essentially, they gambled on potentially compromising an aspect of the Bond brand and alienating the core base in order to acquire the necessary means to make a quality film…One that would be worthy of attracting new fans to the franchise. Still, in 1962’s “Dr. No” Sean Connery ordered a Red Stripe. And the world didn’t explode. Imagine that. If nothing else, the announcement of a tactic like this got the online world conversing about both Heineken and the movie. We’ll have to wait and see if it pays off…but I’m guessing for a substantial opening weekend.

Like any good Bond storyline, this one has it’s own dose of mystery and intrigue. Did the influx of cash allow the film’s producers to make the movie they dreamed about? And will the image of James Bond holding that green bottle influence people the world over to opt for a new drink? Time will tell.

Personally, I’m more of a whiskey guy anyway…. But only because that’s what Don Draper drinks. Obviously.

Get The Best Cars For You

If travelling is a major part of your life then you need to make sure that you opt in for the best car rental services today. One of the biggest advantages or rental services is they provide you with personalized service that you will not otherwise get when you hire radio cabs for instance. Radio cab services are very straight forward and they just take you to your destination and drop you. There is no personalization and no courteousness from the driver and you don’t even feel comfortable during the ride. This is because most of the radio cabs are old and they are on hire. The driver doesn’t really own the vehicle and they don’t really take care of it too much. This is the reason car rental services from limohire-sportcarhire.co.uk need to be availed.

When you are looking to get from one place to another irrespective of the distance you need to make sure that you rent a car along with the driver. The reason being when you hire a car and you are driving it yourself there are a number of things that you need to care take care of. Some of these things include parking charges and where to park as well as toll charges to name a few. Even when you are taking care of all these things your mind will always be thinking about what condition the car is in and if anyone has messed with the vehicle. This is because car hiring services usually charge you a lot if there is any damage to the car.

That is not the case with car rental services. With a car rental service you will not have full responsibility with regards to the well-being of the car. The driver is well trained and they take care of the vehicle properly. They even sure that they treat you well and speak to you with utmost respect. This is because these drivers have been trained professionally and they are the best at customer service. So when you rent a car from a car rental service it does not come along with taking care of the car as well as parking hassles. Just hop in to the car and get to your destination comfortably.

You will also get the best cars at your disposal when you hire car from car rental services. This way you can enjoy riding in a new car almost on a daily basis. If you are not able to afford a car of your own then this is a convenience that you will enjoy. This will make sure that you have a lot of fun. One of the best things about car rental services is that they keep in mind the services provided to you the last time. This way they are able to personalize the service the next time you book from them. You will not have to repeat over and over again and they keep all your most travelled destinations on file.

Kraft Sizzling Salads Review

How you tried Kraft Sizzling Salads yet? If not, you don’t know what you are missing.

Kraft Sizzling Salads are uniquely Canadian entree salads from Kraft Foods.

Winter holidays are the perfect time to try these delicious entree salads to keep your cravings at bay and the holiday weight loss to minimum.

Kraft Sizzling Salads are convenient salad kits that come with cooking sauce for your chicken or other protein and perfectly paired salad dressing for your greens and vegetables.Kraft Sizzling Salads Review

The salad entrees come in 4 great varieties:

  • Asian Chicken Sizzling Salad kit includes Teriyaki Ginger Cooking Sauce and Toasted Sesame Dressing
  • Chicken Caesar Sizzling Salad kit includes Cracked Black Pepper Cooking Sauce and Classic Caesar Dressing
  • Southwest Sizzling Chicken Salad kit includes Spicy Fajita Cooking Sauce and Barbecue Ranch Dressing
  • Greek Chicken Sizzling Salad kit includes Lemon Oregano Cooking Sauce and Mediterranean Feta Dressing

To make delicious warm salads all you need is 12 minutes and 4 easy steps. Each Sizzling Salad kit makes up to 8 tasty entree salads.

Each package includes ingredients per salad and the preparation steps.

For this review I received from Kraft Canada two Kraft Sizzling Salad kits to try with my family.

First we tried Chicken Caesar Sizzling Salad.

We prepared two salads. Once as suggested with chicken and the other one with large shrimp. Both salads were equally delicious.

Second Sizzling Salad kit we tried was Asian Chicken Sizzling Salad.

Kraft Sizzling Salads Review

This time one salad was prepared again as suggested with chicken. The other salad was prepared with beef.

We enjoyed both Sizzling Salad kits, but my personal favorite was Asian style chicken with snow peas, mandarin oranges and spinach.

With the holidays coming I can’t wait to try new recipe from Kraft using their Caesar Sizzling Salad kit called Festive Turkey Caesar Sizzling Salad.

For Festive Turkey Caesar Salad You Will Need:

  • ½ lb. (225 g) boneless skinless turkey breasts, cut into strips
  • ½ tsp. oil
  • ¼ cup Sizzling Salads Cracked Black Pepper Cooking Sauce
  • 4 cups torn romaine lettuce
  • ¼ cup croutons
  • ¼ cup dried cranberries
  • ¼ cup Sizzling Salads Caesar Dressing
  • 1 Tbsp. Kraft 100% Parmesan Grated Cheese

Cook and stir turkey in ½ tsp. hot oil in large skillet on medium-high heat 6 to 7 min. or until done.

Add cooking sauce; stir on low heat 30 sec. to 1 min. or until turkey is evenly coated.

Combine remaining ingredients. Toss with dressing. Place on 2 plates. Top with turkey.

Substitute boneless, skinless turkey with leftover turkey from your holiday feast.
Simply toss the meat in the cooking sauce to coat and warm over low heat.

Special Extra:

Add 2 Tbsp. crumbled cooked bacon to salad.

The best part of the Sizzling Salad entrees is the flexibility and choice to customize your salads to your liking.

Kraft Sizzling Salads Review

You can replace the chicken in the Asian salad kit with pork, beef, shrimp or tofu.

Caesar salad kit will be delicious not only with chicken, but also with shrimp, Portobello mushroom or steak.

Customize the Southwest salad kit with Chorizo sausage, ground beef or steak instead of chicken.

Add more OPA! to the Greek salad kit with pork, steak or salmon.

So next time you are grocery shopping don’t forget to pick up one or two Sizzling Salad kits and give them a try.

Kraft Sizzling Salads are available at major grocery stores across Canada and the suggested retail price is $4.29

BELGIUM

Belgians are well known throughout the world for their chocolate. The first tales of this now famous Belgian chocolate date back to the 17th century, when the country was under Spanish ruling, and the cocoa, imported from South Africa, was only available to royalty. Presently chocolate is the most popular sweet on the globe, Belgium being the world’s 1′st chocolate exporter.

BELGIUM

Another aspect Belgians are famous for is their love of chocolate, waffles, beer, cheese and French fries, which they ofentimes consume together. This is actually a myth, no actual Belgian having regularly eaten all of the above at the same time. It is also said that the locals greatly value social etiquette, bringing flowers or chocolates for the host when visiting being expected. When it comes to how Belgians see themselves, the people tend to have a funny, self-deprecating sense of humor. A large number of movies, books and songs that exaggerate the clichés having been produced in the past years.

BELGIUM

There are three official languages in Belgium, each of them being prevalently spoken in different parts of the country: Dutch (spoken in the north), French (in the south) and German (in the north – east). Because of cultural pride, addressing someone from the south in dutch or someone from the north in french is considered to be somewhat offensive. One thing all Belgians have in common though is the appreciation of good beer, it is said that here are produced over 800 different types of beer, the average native drinking about 150 liters of the liquor each year. Other interesting facts about Belgians are the ones regarding proper etiquette, it is very important, if receiving a written invitation to an event, to also respond in the form of writing, as well as arriving on time and waiting for the host to direct the guest to his or her seat.

BELGIUM

One of the must-see tourist attraction in Belgium is “La Grand-Place”, the central square of Brussels, surrounded by architecturally impressive public and private buildings constructed mainly in the 17th century. The central square, measuring 100 meters in length and 68 meters in width, has been included in UESCO’s World Heritage Sites, among the buildings located here being Brussels’ Town Hall and the Breadhouse. Another interesting place to see in Belgium is the town of Durbuy, the smallest town in the world. The beauty of Durbuy lies in its beautiful old stone houses as well as in the pedestrian flowered and cobbled streets.

When It Comes To Social Media, Consumers Wont Take No For An Answer

Nearly 90% of consumers surveyed said they’d be either somewhat less likely or far less likely to do business with that company in the future if confronted with this… and it involves the word “no.”

Tapping into my vast and useless pop culture database (remember I just told you the other day of how much I enjoy tying in pop culture references to make a point) allow me to share the lyrics of one of my favorite songs from a band called Genesis:

“Is anybody listening?
No reply at all…”

Feel free to sing along but this is the “no” in question; the “no” I made reference to in the title and opening line.

The “no” refers to the no reply, literally, that consumers abhor when it comes to brands and social media. A recent study, conducted by an Assistant Professor of Communications at New York University for Conversocial, revealed that nearly 90% of consumers, if confronted with unanswered customer complaints on a company’s social media site, would be either somewhat less likely or far less likely to do business with that company in the future.

Marketing 5

In other words… consumers want to know, brand managers and digital marketers of all sizes and shapes, that you are indeed listening to them and the way you can demonstrate that you are indeed listening to them is by responding to them… by engaging them. Yes, this takes a certain level of commitment on a brand’s part to have someone or a team dedicated to responding to as many questions and complains as humanly possible.

But when you consider the possible ramifications – nearly 90% remember said they would either be “somewhat less likely” or “far less likely” to purchase anything from such an offending company… the choice is pretty obvious. If they (consumers) are taking the time to send you a question or lodge a complaint, the least you can do is acknowledge them.

In her conclusion, Liel Leibovitz, the professor who led the research, spoke to the increasing amount of engagement and interaction on social media as well as the negative impact such behavior can have on a given company and brand:

Marketing 5

“The lion’s share of consumers was both presently and increasingly engaged in communications with corporations on social media platforms… While social media sites are a growing frontier of consumer-corporate interaction, most respondents reported inadequate response times, unanswered queries, and unmet expectations. Most respondents were also adamant that such behavior would have some or much effect on their future decision to do business with offending corporations.”

I would say this (below) reflects just how adamant the survey responders were, wouldn’t you?

Of course the word “eventually” is a very open-ended, vague word… Geez, I eventually want to lose some weight but when that will happen is anyone’s guess.

I digress but I was trying to make a point which is brand managers and digital marketers and social media marketers and so on and so forth should not look at the 52.4% “eventually” respondents and immediately assume “eventually” means when they get around to it. Consumers want to hear from you in a timely manner and yes, you know what timely manner means.

One Last Thing…

I just have to share one final result from the survey…

As soon as I came across this particular finding, I knew I had to share it…

Marketing 4

Back on December 14th I wrote The Major Disconnect Between Brands And Consumers When It Comes To Social Media. I followed that up with a post on January 5th, Even More Proof Of The Major Disconnect Between Brands And Consumers When It Comes To Social Media.

In each of these posts were proof which showed what consumers really want from a brand in social media vs. what that same brand thinks a consumer wants.

Consider the chart above as yet another example of the major disconnect PLUS proof positive that brands want to know you are listening to them and they want you to show you are listening by engaging them.

How do you engage your customers?

How do you respond to questions and complaints you receive via social media?

What types of discounts and promotions do you offer your fans to keep them engaged?

Cooking Lessons in Hong Kong

When you travel to a new place, such as Hong Kong, China, you can experience the local cuisine several ways. You can dine at authentic restaurants serving dishes that reflect the local culture, or you can try your hand at not only eating the local cuisine but cooking it as well. Whether you are in Hong Kong for a short time or an extended stay, you can expand your skills with cooking classes for beginner and professional chefs. You can learn to prepare authentic Chinese dishes, as well as foods from other countries in Asia and Europe.

Martha Sherpa’s Cooking School

Martha Sherpa’s Cooking School offers courses in Chinese and Thai foods, bread, and dessert dishes. Courses are taught in English, Cantonese or Mandarin. The school promises to teach students professional techniques needed for cooking “home-style,” using a wok, a ladle or spatula and a gas stove. Full-day courses, from about 10:30 a.m. to 6 p.m., cost $200 per person (1550 Hong Kong dollars), while evening and beginner courses, from about 7 to 10 p.m., cost $116 (900 Hong Kong dollars), as of August 2009.

Martha Sherpa’s Cooking School
Flat B, 1/F, Lee Kwan Building
40-46 Argyle Street
Mongkok
Kowloon, Hong Kong
(852) 2381 0132

Cooking Lessons in Hong Kong

Young Women’s Christian Association

The Young Women’s Christian Association (YWCA) English Speaking Department offers various cooking courses for American and other English speakers. The courses, both demonstration and hands-on, include lessons in baking bread as well as cuisines from China, Thailand, Japan, India and Europe. Classes are offered at varying times and days to accommodate the other types of courses the center offers, so check ahead for the schedule. Both member and nonmember pricing are available, with discounts for members; consider joining the YWCA if you will be in Hong Kong for an extended stay and want to take several courses. Some classes last for one day, some are multiple days. Costs range from $39 to $64 (300 to 490 Hong Kong dollars) as of August 2009.

Young Women’s Christian Association English Speaking Department
3/F MacDonnell Road
Central
Hong Kong
(852) 3476 1340

Cooking Lessons in Hong Kong

Home Management Centre

The Home Management Centre offers a variety of courses in cooking dishes from northern and southern China as well as from Southeast Asia and Europe. The cost ranges from $11 to $58 per class (85 to 450 Hong Kong dollars) as of August 2009. Courses are from one to eight lessons each and last from 90 minutes to two hours. Sessions are offered in the morning, afternoon or evening. They are in English as well as Cantonese, although more options are available in Cantonese.

Home Management Centre
10/F Electric Centre
28 City Garden Road
North Point, Hong Kong
(852) 2510 2828

Cooking Lessons in Hong Kong

How to Save Money on Vacation With a Family Camping Trip

Camping trips allow you to spend time with your family, reconnect with nature, and relax. Many families also like to camp because it is a frugal way to vacation. It’s true that campsite rentals are less expensive than most hotels, but you have to be careful not to overspend on supplies if you really want to save money on vacation with a family camping trip. Here are some money-saving tips to keep in mind before you start packing the car for your next family camping trip.

Things You’ll Need:

  • How to Save Money on Vacation With a Family Camping TripBorrowed camping gear Groceries S’mores ingredients (marshmallows, chocolate bars and graham crackers) Water
  • pitcher Coffee pot Cooler Ice
  • Borrowed camping gear
  • Groceries
  • S’mores ingredients (marshmallows, chocolate bars and graham crackers)
  • Water pitcher
  • Coffee pot
  • Cooler
  • Ice

Step 1

Contact several campsites in your area to see which sites have the best deals during the time you wish to vacation.

Step 2

Consider the amenities that are included. It may be worth your money to pay more for a campsite that includes free access to activities such as swimming and horseback riding.

How to Save Money on Vacation With a Family Camping TripStep 3

Ask whether the camp offers special discounts at certain times of the year. Planning your trip around those dates may save you money and allow you to extend your vacation by several days.

Step 4

Make a list of the equipment and supplies you will need. The list may be quite long, especially if this is your first family camping vacation.

Step 5

See if you can borrow at least one or two of the most expensive items on the list. For example, try to borrow a camping tent, air mattresses or sleeping bags.

Step 6

If you plan to do a lot of camping, consider splitting the cost of any new items you need to purchase with another family.

How to Save Money on Vacation With a Family Camping TripStep 7

Plan each meal your family will eat during the vacation. Then, starting several weeks before your camping trip, begin purchasing items you need, planning your grocery shopping around sale items listed in your local newspaper.

Step 8

Pack plenty of snacks and drinks. Consider taking your own water filtration pitcher, too, and, if the campsite includes electricity, take your own coffee pot.

Step 9

If you will be camping with another family, coordinate your food shopping so that you don’t purchase duplicates of items you can share. Be sure to pack plenty of marshmallows, chocolate and graham crackers, too, to make S’mores each night.

Step 10

Find out where to purchase additional ice during your camping trip. You’ll need it to prevent your food from spoiling.

California Redwood Facts

The redwood tree grows in the coastal area of northern and central California, from the very northern tip of the state to the Santa Cruz area in central California. It can reach astounding heights if it is not cut as valuable timber. The red-barked tree is usually found in groves, where the thick canopy of the tall conifer prevents competition from other trees. Redwood National Park, located in northern California near the town of Crescent City, features many square miles of primeval redwood forest.

Tall Trees

With some trees coming in at over 300 feet tall, the redwood is the tallest tree in the world. This tremendous height is partly due to the fog that forms in the coastal valleys of California and decreases the rate of evaporation among the tree tops. This continual presence of mist during the hottest months of the year insures a wet and super-saturated micro-environment that exists from the very top of the tree right down to the soil.

California Redwood Facts

Thick Bark

Fire can be an aid to the growth of this tree. The thick bark of the tree makes the tree very resistant to fire, so that after a forest fire the redwood will have a high rate of survival. Other trees in the California forest are more adversely affected by fire, so their recovery is more difficult.

Many Parks

There are many places along the coast to go and view the magnificent forests. Big Basin State Park near Santa Cruz and Muir Woods just outside San Francisco are just two such places to visit and stare upwards at the majestic giants.

California Redwood Facts

Thin Under-story

Not much light reaches the forest floor underneath the the thick canopy of the redwood forest, so plant growth at the ground level is limited to just a few species of shrubs and plants that can survive under the conditions of little or no direct sunlight.

Life at 300 Feet

In recent years scientist have set up biological stations in the tops of these large trees, just to study the ecological system that exists in this unusual environment. Research concluded that the biological diversity of life is quite rich. Insects and rodents are abundant as are a variety of plant life that includes many kinds of fungus and moss and even smaller trees and shrubs that have taken root in the uppermost branches of the redwood.